Anxiety disorders – Part 1: Overview

Anxiety – about bad things that might happen, or not being accepted by others, or not being able to handle what’s expected of us – we’ve probably all been there at times. But the teenage/young adult time of life, when the overarching concern is Finding One’s Place in the World, is especially ripe for worry.

In this unfair world of ours, atypical young people are even more prone to anxiety than their peers. So not only do they have to try to cope with neurologically-based difficulties in learning, staying on-task, and socializing – they have to deal with the anxiety about not measuring up. And the ways anxiety impacts them can be as challenging for these young people as their other diagnoses.

Since anxiety is so common in neurodiverse young people, whatever their diagnosis, it’s a topic worth exploring here on the Cinder Cone. As it turns out, I found such a large amount of anxiety-related information worth sharing that it needs to be spread over at least two posts.

We’ll start with some interesting factoids and a look at the types of anxiety disorders.

When seeking an overview, I learned a lot from this Wikipedia article. Here are some excerpts:

Anxiety disorders are a category of mental disorders characterized by feelings of anxiety and fear,[2] where anxiety is a worry about future events and fear is a reaction to current events.

Anxiety disorders are partly genetic….

They often occur with other mental disorders, particularly major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, certain personality disorders, and eating disorders. The term anxiety covers four aspects of experiences that an individual may have: mental apprehension, physical tension, physical symptoms and dissociative anxiety.[5] The emotions present in anxiety disorders range from simple nervousness to bouts of terror.[6]

[B]etween 10 and 20 percent of all children will develop a full-fledged anxiety disorder prior to the age of 18,[122] making anxiety the most common mental health issue in young people.

Anxiety in children has a variety of causes; sometimes anxiety is rooted in biology, and may be a product of another existing condition, such as Autism or Asperger’s Disorder.[124] Gifted children are also often more prone to excessive anxiety than non-gifted children.[125] Other cases of anxiety arise from the child having experienced a traumatic event of some kind, and in some cases, the cause of the child’s anxiety cannot be pinpointed.[126]

Anxiety among adolescents and young adults is common due to the stresses of social interaction, evaluation, and body image.

Anxiety and depression can be caused by alcohol abuse, which in most cases improves with prolonged abstinence. Even moderate, sustained alcohol use may increase anxiety levels in some individuals.[32] Caffeine, alcohol and benzodiazepine dependence can worsen or cause anxiety and panic attacks.[33]

See? That’s interesting stuff, isn’t it?

The experience of “having anxiety” varies – not just in intensity, but in what triggers the unease. For the following summary of types of anxiety disorders, my sources here are Wikipedia (again), this article from HelpGuide.org, and this article about childhood anxiety disorders. See if any of these conditions are familiar in yourself or someone you know:

Generalized Anxiety Disorder: People with GAD are chronic worrywarts, to the point where it distracts them from everyday activities. The worries are “persistent, excessive, and unrealistic.” Sufferers often have unfounded foreboding that disaster is in store. GAD is more common in women, and the risk is highest from childhood to middle age. “Children with GAD tend to be very hard on themselves and strive for perfection. They may also seek constant approval or reassurance from others.” [I assume the same is true of teens.]

Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia: Panic disorder involves repeated, unexpected panic attacks. People who suffer these attacks also live in fear of having more panic attacks. Panic disorder typically develops in early adulthood, with women again more prone to suffering this form of anxiety. Agoraphobia is included here because many people with panic disorder avoid places or situations where previous panic attacks occurred, such as crowded public places where it may be hard to escape – including air travel.

Phobia: Sufferers experience overwhelming fear or anxiety when confronted with a specific thing or situation. Most phobias arise unexpectedly during the teen years or early adulthood; that is, before the phobia took hold, the phobic person hadn’t been bothered much by the feared object. People with a phobia usually understand that their reaction is out of proportion to the risk, but they are still overwhelmed and often rearrange their daily activity to avoid the trigger.

Social Anxiety Disorder: This is an intense fear of negative social interactions or public embarrassment. It usually begins in childhood or adolescence, especially the early teen years. Performance anxiety (such as speaking in public) is one form of SAD. A person who actively tries to avoid feeling this type of anxiety may end up in partial or complete social isolation.

The article about childhood anxiety disorders lists selective mutism as a separate category, but it’s related to social anxiety. This is where the individual (usually a child) refuses to speak in situations where talking is expected or necessary. The individual may be talkative in other settings but will not communicate in certain situations (like school). Our son Nathan exhibited selective mutism during his high school years, when he was at his most miserable. Teachers, counselors, and other adults could not get much out of him.

Obsessive-compulsive Disorder: Obsessions are persistent, intrusive, distressing thoughts. Compulsions are urges to repeatedly perform certain acts, often as a way of dealing with the obsessive thoughts (since the house might get broken into, I’ll keep rechecking whether the door is locked). People with OCD usually recognize how irrational they are being, but they feel powerless to stop. Children with OCD are often diagnosed around the age of ten. Boys tend to develop the condition sooner, while for girls the onset is more likely in adolescence.

Separation Anxiety Disorder: This involves an exaggerated level of worry about bad things happening when separated from a person or place. I always thought of this as purely a childhood phenomenon, but Wikipedia says it affects 7% of adults (maybe some cases of homesickness fall in this category?). However, children who suffer from separation anxiety usually have a more severe experience of it than adults – probably because they are so dependent on their parent or caregiver.

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: PTSD results from exposure to an extreme negative situation (especially violence), or chronic exposure to a severe stressful occurrence. (Note that Wikipedia includes bullying as one potential cause of PTSD.) Symptoms include flashbacks or nightmares; hypervigilance; avoidance of people or similar situations; and depression, irritability, or emotional numbness. Women are more likely than men to develop PTSD after surviving a traumatic event. I’ve read elsewhere that parents of special-needs children may develop PTSD.

 

The effects of anxiety can be significant. It can skew interactions with others and impede the ability to focus and get things done. It may also contribute to physical woes like digestive system problems, headaches, fatigue, and insomnia. And those problems can in turn trigger worries ….

Anxiety can diminish our quality of life, damage relationships, and even impact our physical well-being. Young people who are affected by anxiety often turn down fulfilling opportunities that they would otherwise gobble up. When you’re in the process of becoming an adult, avoidance behavior can really derail the course your life takes!

What can be done? I’m glad you asked! In the future, we’ll look at ways to cope with anxiety symptoms and to subdue the troublesome thoughts themselves.

 

 

 

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A long streak of that bad luck

Young people finishing school and entering adulthood need a source of income. Unless they’ve inherited a fortune or have turned to a life of crime, that means getting a job. Looking for employment is often a slog, but the seeker has to be persistent. Beyond that, the processes of landing a job and holding onto it can also have unpleasant challenges – especially for someone with hidden or obvious disabilities.

As I shared in the previous post, our son Nathan has submitted a half dozen online applications to supermarkets over the last several months, with no response so far. Disappointing, but not too surprising given his lack of experience. However, the job-seeking experiences of our son Alan over the last year really have us struggling to remain undaunted. He’s had training in a few fields and gotten certifications; he’s been getting help from two government-sponsored employment assistance agencies; and has applied to many, many places. The result? The loss of one job, another job eight months later that lasted one day, and several close calls for employment.

Probably other atypical young job seekers have these kind of setbacks – but do they have this many? Here’s the rollercoaster we’ve been on:

  • The security guard firm he was working for (they had just given him a raise!) transferred him to a different slot that, it turned out, was already promised to a different employee. The firm said they would try to find another placement for him – but never got back to him and wouldn’t return his calls.
  • An acquaintance of his wanted Alan to help with his start-up supply business. It was sure to be lucrative because demand was high and the fellow already had signed contracts with clients. But after weeks of waiting for pieces of machinery to arrive so they could get production rolling, the acquaintance used Alan’s help sporadically, then found someone else who already had experience with the product. Suddenly Alan was frozen out, and never got paid for the times he had helped with set up and production.
  • Alan passed the written and physical tests for becoming a deputy sheriff, but decided not to pursue the application further once he learned a successful applicant needs to have at least one year of steady job experience.
  • A staffing agency found a position for him in a warehouse. On his first day, a pile of boxes fell on him (not his fault). The agency required him to get checked out by a physician the following day. Alan was ready to go back to work on the third day, but the agency said they don’t usually send workers back to the same place after an incident like that. They were going to try to place him in another warehouse, but that never happened.
  • Alan interviewed well for a door-to-door solar energy sales job, but didn’t get an offer.
  • He next attended a company-sponsored trucking school where he learned to drive big rigs – and he found to his surprise that he liked it! He got his CDL A permit and was doing well, until: the day before he was to test for his license, the company decided that his solo motorcycle accident 3 1/2 years ago was a dealbreaker. (By the way, Alan had disclosed the accident the first day he enrolled.)
  • He jumped through all the hoops for becoming a ride-share driver. The only problem was, the company doesn’t allow drivers to have licenses that are a mismatch with the official record at the Dept. of Motor Vehicles, and Alan’s physical license card didn’t reflect the CDL A permit (which he wanted to keep active until he could manage to get his license).
  • Alan tried another company-sponsored trucking school, where the accident was not a factor. Again he did well – the company even sent him to orientation before he tested for his CDL license. Unfortunately, when it was time for the road test, Alan developed a bad case of test anxiety. He was allowed three tries, each on a different day, but was so jittery that he failed each time.
  • While regrouping from that letdown, he was contacted by a company he’d been trying to get in with for years. (A friend of ours who works for the company had a copy of Alan’s application and would pass it to the appropriate manager when entry-level positions became open.) The stars aligned; Alan was interviewed and offered the job right then! All he’d have to do is pass the background check, physical, and drug test. What could possibly go wrong this time?

 Well, the physical exam included a grip strength test. Alan says the clinic staff member handed him a device and said “squeeze this.” Alan squeezed pretty hard, but not with 100% maximum effort. The staff member saw the first reading and said “next two times, squeeze with all your might,” which Alan did. You guessed it: the low first reading skewed the average of all three readings to below the acceptable measure of grip strength. He was not allowed to retake the physical. No job after all.

Is it really possible for someone to have this much bad luck?

Maybe. Or, maybe underlying fear of becoming an adult is leading to self-sabotage whenever he comes close to landing a job. Or maybe the hiccups in his brain’s executive function and information processing are contributing to these near-misses.

Whatever the reason, the disappointment after each fizzled opportunity is hard to bear, for him as well as his trying-to-be-patient parents. We bounce back as best we can and look forward to the “good fortune” that follows bad luck, as mentioned in the proverb. Meanwhile, we gotta give Alan lots of credit for trying different things, for seeking help from counselors, and for just plain hanging in there!

A chat with a Walgreens store manager

In his own way and at his own pace, our 24-year-old son Nathan has been applying online for part-time jobs. The search has been all his idea, which is a huge step forward from his previous attitude about working.

He is seeking after-hours or behind-the-scenes jobs where there’s no customer interaction. He’s probably completed five or six applications over the last few months. While they all seem to have been submitted successfully, no one has contacted Nathan for an interview. So far, he hasn’t become discouraged – but if he continues to get zero results, it’ll be no surprise if he gives up.

I’ve been pondering how we might improve his odds for getting an interview. I suggested it might help if he’d introduce himself to the store manager shortly after submitting an application. Nathan (who doesn’t like people) is against that idea. “I don’t want to talk to anyone unless I know they’re interested in hiring me.”

Having heard that Walgreens has a good reputation for hiring people with disabilities, not long ago I stopped in one of their stores early on a weekday morning and asked to speak to the manager. I was hoping he wouldn’t mind taking a few minutes to tell me how a young fellow like Nathan might increase his chances of getting hired.

The manager didn’t mind. In fact, once I explained our general situation, Joe spoke with great empathy and conviction about Walgreens employees with disabilities.

First, here’s what he said about the nuts-and-bolts of applying. Although I’d heard that online applications are often screened (and maybe eliminated) by an Applicant Tracking System, Joe said he sees all the ones for his store. On the applications he looks for basic things, like correct spelling and capitalization, that indicate the applicant made an effort. He realizes some candidates don’t have much of a work history, and doesn’t necessarily hold that against them.

Applicants who seem promising are asked to come in for a computer-based skills assessment in a back room. He’ll interview applicants who get a decent score (although on occasion he has hired bright people who didn’t do well on the assessment). For the interview, it helps when the candidate has made an effort to look presentable. At the same time, Joe prefers not being misled about an applicant’s everyday appearance. For instance, taking out all visible piercings for the interview but expecting to wear them on the job? Not good.

As for Nathan’s particular circumstances, Walgreens stores don’t have entry level behind-the-scenes jobs. Employees work in the store during store hours, and are expected to staff the cash register and otherwise assist customers as part of the job. We then talked about other types of stores, like Walmarts and supermarkets, that usually have positions more suitable for someone like Nathan.

With that said, Joe suggested Nathan could fill out an application, then come in to take the skills assessment – just to gain the experience of doing that. I’d be allowed to accompany him and help clarify any questions he didn’t understand. (One question that many applicants answer incorrectly talks about establishing rapport with a customer; most of them don’t know what “rapport” means.) The manager went a step further and said he’d even interview Nathan, to give him some real-world interview experience. How great is that?

Joe mentioned that he has visited the closest Walgreens distribution center, where people with disabilities comprise 15% of the workforce. He says overall they are a definite asset to the company, with good work habits and an upbeat attitude. A setting like that would be a better fit for Nathan than a Walgreens store; unfortunately, it’s at least a half-hour drive and not accessible by bus from where we live.

Finally, Joe told me about a corporate event a few years ago where all the store managers were gathered. A highly placed executive addressed the crowd about his determination to find a way for including people with disabilities in the Walgreens workforce. The executive’s motive?  He has a son with autism, and was concerned about the lack of work opportunities for people like him.

Joe said the speech received a standing ovation, with many of the managers wiping away tears. And so a corporate commitment was born.

It was time to get on with my day. I thanked Joe for talking with me, and he offered his sincere best wishes for Nathan and our family.

When I later told Nathan about the manager’s offer for interview experience, he declined. But my chat with Joe was not a waste. I came away with insight into hiring practices, appreciation for one corporation’s commitment – and material for this blog post! Oh, and gratitude for the kind people of this world. Not a bad haul for fifteen minutes.

 

The IRC incident: a lesson in resilience

In a departure from the usual pattern, December’s most popular external link from the Facebook page wasn’t about a new program or new research or new insights into a condition our neurodiverse young people might have.

Nope – the link was about what many of us around here have ended up calling “the incident:” the December 2 tragedy at the Inland Regional Center (IRC). Here is the article: Mass Shooting at Developmental Disabilities Center.

It was very strange when, for a few days, our region was the focus of national and even international news. Most of the media’s attention was on the background of the shooters and the victims, and the heroism of our first responders. All of that is very important.

Have you wondered about how the IRC itself was impacted?

I’ve been on the IRC’s email list for a year or more. Most of their emails contain routine announcements about services, happenings, outstanding employees and consumers.

December was different.

Here is the poignant text of the first email, sent December 3, with the heading “IRC Offices are Closed:”

“Dear IRC Community,

At this time, all events at our conference center have been cancelled indefinitely.

Additionally, our offices will be closed until Monday, December 7, as we work to understand and process these tragic events.

We thank you kindly for the outpouring of support you have shown.

Sincerely, The IRC Family”

Two more emails, on Dec 5 and Dec 8, announced that the reopening had been delayed and delayed again.

This inspiring email was sent on December 9 by Lavinia Johnson, Executive Director of the IRC:

 Dear Inland Regional Center community,

I am deeply touched by the outpouring of support the Inland Regional Center (IRC) has received from all around the world. It has been a source of strength for IRC and we are grateful.

We are also grateful for law enforcement at the local, state and national levels. Their dedication and courageous efforts are truly heroic. The first responders demonstrated incredible strength in the face of danger and unbelievable compassion for victims and others struggling in the aftermath of the attacks. Our community is fortunate these brave women and men have committed their lives and careers to protecting our community. This was just one example of the selflessness they bring to work every day.

I’m also grateful to the FBI, whose investigators and staff have worked tirelessly to assist our employees retrieve their cars and personal belongings and allowing them to get their lives back. Likewise, their commitment to preserving the property for investigation and care for those involved is admirable. I cannot thank them enough.

Here at IRC, we are forging ahead. Our team of more than 600 employees has rallied with unfathomable strength to begin assisting our more than 30,000 clients. We are in the process of securing a temporary location for administrative services. In the meanwhile, none of the financial services – such as payroll, vendor payments, etc. – have been interrupted. We are also providing additional equipment our staff may need that will allow them to continue attending to our consumer’ best interests. We will be coordinating access at other locations for those who do need space to effectively meet with and serve our consumers moving forward.

In the days, weeks and months ahead, our rebuilding process will continue so that effective healing can take place. I would like to recognize and commend the unity and strength of our local community in the face of adversity. If any good can come from last week’s terrible events, I hope it’s the knowledge that the greater Inland Empire community has the ability to rally and aid its neighbors in times of trouble, despite great heartache.

Thank you all.

Lavinia

Another email on the 16th shared how the IRC was functioning from off-site locations, how other Regional Centers were offering assistance, and that “IRC officials completed a walk-through of Buildings 1 and 2 to evaluate the damage. Repair work has begun and will be completed shortly.” The target date for reopening was January 4th (which indeed is when the IRC employees finally returned to their buildings).

A short “Season’s Greetings” email on Dec 23rd expressed gratefulness “to those who have shown us support and kindness.”

The IRC’s New Year’s greeting email could have been sent by anyone, in any year.

And today, for the first time in over a month, a “normal” informative email from the IRC showed up in my inbox.

We try to teach our young people resilience, to ask for and accept help when needed, to allow time for strong emotions like sorrow to heal, to seek calm and goodness in the midst of upsetting times. By and large, the response of the IRC and our community to “the incident” has modeled those important lessons for our young people – and for all of us.

New year, new hope

Most of us like getting gifts; most of us have unwrapped at least one in this festive month. But I’ll venture that the best gift people in dire circumstances could get, other than having all their problems magically disappear, is hope – new hope for better times ahead, based on real happenings that make it more than wishful thinking.

From the things I’ve learned while maintaining this blog, it seems to me that real hope is out there for our atypical young people:

Researchers continue to make connections and discoveries;

Therapists are working inside and outside the box to help their clients manage life’s challenges;

Improved financial support mechanisms, like ABLE accounts, are becoming a reality;

Many educators are committed to guiding atypical students through the learning process;

Families can access online resources and in-person support groups;

The damage that bullying can cause is increasingly recognized;

Innovative programs for housing, higher education, and employment are popping up; and

Media coverage is increasing – for instance, here’s one hour of the Diane Rehm Show on NPR devoted to supports for young people on the autism spectrum.

With all of this, the stigma is starting to diminish, ever so slightly. It’s encouraging to read and hear more about (for instance) the visual strengths of people on the spectrum, the innovative thinking of those with ADHD, or the creativity of many who have emotional challenges.

While much remains to be done, and we’re still a long way from the ideal, it is heartening to see the issues increasingly addressed and reframed. In words and actions, there’s real reason for hope.

Our family has new reasons for hope too. Nathan, who a few years ago was so down on himself and so bitter about society’s failings that he was ready to end his life, this year has willingly filled out applications for part-time work. Not only that, but he is gently prodding me to help him find more places to apply. Meanwhile, Alan had several “aha” moments this year that have led to a more mature outlook. He is less of a victim with problems someone else should fix, and more of a “I’m responsible for my efforts and choices” kind of guy.

When I started this blog about four years ago, I really didn’t expect to write a paragraph like the one above, ever.

Readers, I hope that over time you’ve found some useful knowledge and hope in the paragraphs of this blog. May your gift in the new year be new hope at a personal level. And may we all see positive changes for the broader community of neurodiverse young people.

Wanted: more training and employment opportunities

This post from last month shared some practical tips for job searching I learned from Jackie Martin, president of Vocational Steps. When we met, Jackie and I also discussed the broader picture of employment for our neurodiverse young people. If you’d like to learn about that, read on!

In Jackie’s experience, when most employers consider whether to hire people with disabilities, they have no trouble curbing their enthusiasm – because they’d really rather not. Jackie says that when she meets with executives and asks them about hiring our young people, even if their mouths say “we’re interested,” their body language often says “not gonna happen.”

Perhaps these employers aren’t aware of the evidence showing that businesses come out ahead when they include the disabled on their staff. Low absenteeism and loyal, hard workers are among the advantages gained.

You might think that the tax incentives the government offers for hiring the disabled would make businesses more receptive. Unfortunately, obtaining those incentives means a lot of extra paperwork for the employer, whose response to the hassle is frequently  “Meh – I’ll pass.”

Our family has had first-hand experience with businesses reluctant to hire atypical job-seekers. When our son Alan was getting help from the Dept. of Rehabilitation, he’d tell his employment specialist where he had applied, and she would phone the hiring manager as a follow-up to Alan’s application. The caseworker later told Alan (who had an ADHD diagnosis) that a lot of times when she’d call, the employer would ask whether his disability was physical or mental. When she’d start by saying “it falls more in the mental category,” before she could explain further they’d cut her off with, “I’m sorry, we don’t have any openings.”

There are some companies who are more proactive about hiring the disabled – and hooray for them! Some are really big; others are more local. I’ve heard from different sources that Home Depot, Walgreen’s, CVS and WalMart are among the businesses that are more inclusive of the disabled in their workforce. This link from DiversifyInc lists the top ten companies they find to be the best employers for the disabled.

The Vocational Steps website includes a link to Think Beyond the Label, which “creates opportunities for businesses and job-seekers with disabilities to connect.” The job-seeker can search for particular types of jobs in his or her area. To try it out, I searched for “sales associate” within 15 miles of my ZIP code and got 5 results: all at local Staples stores. We have many, many stores of all types in a 15-mile radius that are hiring in general; most of them must not be registered with TBTL.

An Internet search led me to a similar site called Getting Hired. In my brief test it didn’t locate too many opportunities where I live, but if you live in or near a major city, this might be another good place to start looking.

It occurs to me that businesses whose top executives are atypical (for instance, JetBlue founder David Neeleman has ADHD; Charles Schwab has dyslexia; many entrepreneurs have Asperger’s traits) might be more inclusive of atypical workers. The same would go for smaller businesses where the owner has a family member with challenges similar to those of our kiddos.

What if an employer is willing to hired the differently abled but isn’t sure how to make it work on a practical, efficient level? Consulting firms (such as Griffin-Hammis Associates) and some vocational rehabilitation counselors might be able to offer guidance. One strategy they might suggest is called “job carving.” First, the range of tasks performed in a company is reviewed. If an atypical worker could handle some of the tasks, those duties might be carved away from the workload of current employees and given to the eager new hire. This has the benefit of freeing up the existing employees to focus more of their time on higher-end tasks. Meanwhile the lower-end tasks are still getting done, without the employer paying higher-wage staff members to do them. It’s a win-win-win.

To become a successful employee, a job-seeker needs to either possess some useful skills or be trainable to acquire needed skills. For atypical young people who are wobbly on stamina and perseverance, making the time and monetary commitment for community college, trade school, or a four-year college may be out of reach. There just aren’t many low-cost, low-risk places where they can try their hand at a vocational skill to see if they like it, then get more training and practice with something they do like.

One such place Jackie told me about is Vocademy in Riverside, CA. It’s a “makerspace,” where anybody – teenager to senior citizen, neurodiverse or neurotypical – can come in and learn real-world, hands-on skills. The introductory classes are free, after which the participant might pay $45 – $130 for a 4-hour class plus the cost of materials. There are no grades, tests, or semesters; it’s possible to switch to another skill at any time. The participant can decide how much skill he or she wants to acquire in doing things like (among others) 3D Printing, Laser Engraving, Welding, Woodshop, Sewing, Home and Construction, Costumes and Prop Making, and Programming and Coding. Those wanting to practice what they’ve learned in class can buy a membership, which allows them to use the tools and space at the Vocademy facility in the afternoon and evening. Memberships generally run from $100 to $150 per month.

One of Jackie’s goals is to create another program, based on the Vocademy model, that would provide training and access to skills that commonly fall in the atypical young person’s wheelhouse, including culinary arts, video game design, and software testing.

Brainstorming further, I’m wondering whether some programs for at-risk youth could be adapted to our kiddos. For instance, I read about one program in Los Angeles for teens with a criminal record where they are trained to direct and monitor webcams recording activities of wildlife in Alaska. Something like that might appeal to lots of our young people who think differently!

It’s clear we need innovative thinking (and doing) to increase the opportunities for our young people. Their current job-seeking climate is mostly dismal. We need alternative ways to improve the skills sets of our young people, and we need more employers to get on board with giving them a chance. With that, we can change the dynamic for a growing atypical population that, because of limited opportunity, experiences repeated rejection when attempting to earn a paycheck and do something useful.

Innovative program for adults with autism

As years go by, the growing numbers of children with autism become a growing number of adults with autism. Services helping these adults learn to live independently are scarce. One reason for the lack of services: there are few programs that train professionals to work with autistic adults.

The most-viewed exterior link on the blog’s Facebook page for November is an article from The Mighty about a program in the works at Rutgers University that will train future professionals as it provides support for autistic adults. Once launched, the program will offer university jobs for up to sixty adults with autism who live off campus. Meanwhile, college students can get real-life experience in working with autistic adults. In a later phase, several university-employed adults with autism will live with graduate students on campus in an apartment-style residence.

Rutgers hopes this program will be copied or modified by other universities, noting that it could be adapted for other types of disabilities.

To read the entire article, follow this link: Rutgers University Debuts First-of-Its-Kind Program for Adults With Autism.

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